Indigenous peoples in Cambodia have been living as a community in their own homeland for generations. A few decades ago, our indigenous communities have never had conflict over land and natural resources with each other. They have been living peacefully as a community with their unique tradition and culture. The economic development in Cambodia and in the world has been making our indigenous communities very vulnerable in their own homeland. Currently losing ownership of land, forest and natural resources has caused indigenous people living a great concern. The next generations need land, natural resources and indigenous identity. The identity is life of indigenous communities and it is a means of protecting land, forest and natural resources in their community. If there is no land, forest and natural resources, it means that there is nothing for livelihood of indigenous people and their next generations. Traditional knowledge and lifestyle have helped conserve the land, forest and natural resources for the next generation till the last few years. Responding to the great concern of the future of the indigenous peoples and their children, and especially poverty trap and self-determination for indigenous families and communities as a whole, the founding members have established an organization called “Cambodia Indigenous Peoples Organization”.